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Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

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Book of Hours
France, possibly Angers, ca. 1470
MS M.263 fol. 21r

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Miniature: Pilate: washing Hands -- Pilate, wearing tall hat, holds hands over basin held by right hand of servant, cloth draped over right shoulder, holding pitcher with left hand. At right, Christ, rays as cross nimbus, with crown of thorns, back turned to Pilate, stands among soldiers, two grasping His garment, one looking back toward Pilate. Of other soldiers in background, one holds imperial banner with displayed double-headed (?) eagle; some hold spears, others halberds; one shows teeth. Margins: 1) In upper margin decorated with foliate ornament, hybrid with head and hindquarters of lion and human torso, grasps foliage with extended hands. 2) Christ: mocked -- In left margin, Christ, wearing crown of thorns and mantle, holding palm (?) with right hand stands facing three men, one back-turned, mouths open, kneeling and looking up at Him. 3) Christ: bearing Cross -- In lower margin, left, Virgin Mary, nimbed and veiled, raising draped left hand to face, emerges from portal, Evangelist John, nimbed, standing next to her. Amid soldiers wearing helmets and armor, holding club (?), spear or sword, Christ, rays as cross nimbus, with crown of thorns, carries tau cross on left shoulder, upright held by man, possibly Simon of Cyrene. Christ looks down toward Veronica of Rome, veiled, holding cloth bearing image of His face. At right, two thieves, Dysmas and Gestas, hands bound behind them, are flanked by two soldiers, one holding rope binding their hands. At head of the procession are soldiers carrying spears or halberds.

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