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Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

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Book of Hours
France, possibly Angers, ca. 1470
MS M.263 fol. 17r

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Miniature: Christ: before Caiaphas -- Caiaphas, wearing tall hat, holding scepter with right hand, is seated on draped throne, extending left hand toward Christ, rays as cross nimbus, hands crossed and bound standing before him. Soldier grasps front of His garment with right hand and extends left hand around His shoulders. Other soldiers stand in background, four holding halberds, most only tops of helmets visible. Two men kneeling at left indicate Christ with right hands. Margins: 1) Upper margin decorated with foliate ornament inhabited by winged centaur, joined hands extended, and by satyr, extending aspergil with right hand, holding situla with left hand. 2) Christ: Flagellation -- In left margin, torturer, wearing tall hat, raises scourge with right hand next to Christ, rays as cross nimbus, wearing short loincloth, arms behind Him, standing with back to column. 3) In right margin, in grisaille, four statues standing in niches, including monk and nun. 4) Christ: crowned with Thorns -- In lower margin, Christ, rays as cross nimbus, with crown of thorns, blindfolded, hands crossed and bound, is seated on faldstool. He is flanked by four torturers, two wearing knotted sash at waist; one wearing tall hat, gesturing with right hand, kneeling before Christ; two holding sticks to head of Christ; the fourth, gesturing with both hands, possibly dancing. Group of men stands at each side, wearing hats, one holding sack, some gesturing. At right on frame of miniature, column is surmounted by statue. Initial D enclosing bust of man, possibly holding book.

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