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Medieval & Renaissance Manuscripts

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Book of Hours
Germany, possibly Bamberg, 1204-1219
MS M.739 fol. 23r

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Zone 1:
1) Judas: receiving Silver, Christ: Betrayal and Arrest, and Apostle Peter: cutting off Ear of Malchus -- Soldier, wearing helmet, holds spear, beside Jew, wearing pointed hat, armed with axe, giving moneybag to Judas. He embraces Christ, cross-nimbed, with His right hand grasped by right hand of Malchus, wearing helmet, armed with spear in left hand, and his ear bloodied, beside tonsured Apostle Peter, name inscribed PETRVS, raising sword.
Scene caption, inscribed HIE PFANT SI IN VNDE FU(O)RENT IN ENWECH.
Zone 2:
2) Christ: Flagellation -- Christ, cross-nimbed, nude, has His hands bound to and His legs wrapped around column to right. He is flanked by two tormentors, one wearing pointed hat, holding switches, and the other with scourge striking Him.
Scene caption, inscribed HIE HABENT SI IN AN.
3) Simon of Cyrene: bearing Cross -- Jew, wearing pointed hat, places hands on shoulder of Christ, cross-nimbed, raising hands toward Simon of Cyrene, wearing pointed hat, carrying cross over left shoulder.
Scene caption, inscribed HIE FU(O)RENT SI IN ZU D(ER) MARTER.
Zone 3:
4) Christ: Crucifixion -- Christ, cross-nimbed, labeled IHC XPC NAZARENUS REX IUDEOR(UM), head inclined, in loin cloth, is affixed with four nails to cross with titulus. He is flanked by two thieves, names inscribed DISMAS and GESTAS, both with hands bound behind, clothed in tunics, hanging from gallows, and Virgin Mary, nimbed, veiled, raising draped hands toward her face and Evangelist John, nimbed, with right hand raised to face.

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